On August 31, 2006, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Mohamed ElBaradei released his report Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The report was prepared at the request of the United Nation's Security Council.
The July 31, 2006 Security Council Resolution 1696 requested "by 31 August a report from the Director General of the IAEA primarily on whether Iran has established full and sustained suspension of all activities mentioned in this resolution, as well as on the process of Iranian compliance with all the steps required by the IAEA Board and with the above provisions of this resolution, to the IAEA Board of Governors and in parallel to the Security Council for its consideration".
The Institute for Science and International Security has obtained a copy of International Atomic Energy Agency Director Mohamed ElBaradei's August 31, 2006 Report on Iran nuclear safeguards. You can download it as a pdf by clicking here.
Thursday, August 31, 2006
On August 31, 2006, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Mohamed ElBaradei released his report Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The report was prepared at the request of the United Nation's Security Council.
Wednesday, August 30, 2006
Even in the face of Iranian government discrimination, 2003 Nobel Peace Laureate and Iranian human rights activist Shirin Ebadi underscores the dangers of international punishment or military interference in
On August 3, 2006, the Iranian Interior Ministry announced that Dr. Ebadi’s organization, the Center for the Defense of Human Rights (CDHR), is an illegal organization and violators will be prosecuted.
The Iranian Interior Ministry claims that Center for the Defense of Human Rights has not obtained a proper permit. As Dr. Ebadi stated in her response to the threats, under the Iranian Constitution, non-governmental organizations operating peacefully and within the law are not required to obtain permission in
Iran has a responsibility to uphold its obligation to protect human rights defenders under the 1998 UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, which declares that individuals and associations have the right “to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms,” to “develop and discuss new rights, ideas and principles, and to advocate for their acceptance.”
Posted by Carah Ong at 2:51 PM
The Washington Post reported on August 30, 2006 that Iranian nuclear specialists have begun enriching a new batch of uranium. Inspectors with the International Atomic Energy Agency plan to formally disclose the new enrichment work, as well as additional Iranian nuclear advances, in a report due out on August 31, 2006. The officials, who revealed the information on condition of anonymity, stressed that the Iranians are working at a slow pace with small quantities of uranium, and that they are enriching the material to an extremely low level that could not be used for nuclear weapons. Still, it is unlikely that the Iranians will stop the work in time to meet the Security Council's August 31 deadline.
Undersecretary of State R. Nicholas Burns said, “We've seen no indication that
On August 29,
Meanwhile, on August 29, 2006, former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad declared support for Iran's right to peaceful use of nuclear technology. In a meeting with the visiting head of the Majlis National Security and Foreign Policy Commission, Alaeddin Boroujerdi in
In related news, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad used a press conference on August 29 to focus attention on his challenge to the president of the United States: a face-off in a live televised debate. Mr. Ahmadinejad also found himself challenged by local reporters who questioned the government’s economic program and its tolerance of a critical press.
Posted by Carah Ong at 2:32 PM
On Monday, August 28, 2006,
Speaking to troops at an airfield in the
Rumsfeld seemed not to acknowledge a military that is showing signs of stress and argued instead that military evacuations of some 15,000 people from
Meanwhile, the Army and Marine Corps must spend tens of billion of dollars to replace and repair equipment. Army officials have said the combat readiness of many units and their ability to take on new missions have suffered. And, recruiting levels for new troops are also down.
Posted by Carah Ong at 10:27 AM
Wednesday, August 23, 2006
On August 22, 2006, Iran formally responded with a 21 page memo to a proposal from the P5+1 (Britain, China, France, Russia, United States + Germany) seeking to resolve the dispute over the country’s nuclear program. Click here to download an MP3 recording of the Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation’s press conference with experts Dr. Trita Parsi and Dr. James Walsh. (Please Note: This recording is only available for download until August 31, 2006.)
About the Experts
Trita Parsi is the author of Treacherous Triangle - The Secret Dealings of Iran, Israel and the United States (Yale University Press, 2007). Dr. Parsi is one of the few people in the US - if not the only one - that has traveled both to Iran and Israel and interviewed top officials in these countries on the state of Israeli-Iranian relations. He has conducted more than 110 interviews with senior Israeli, Iranian and American officials in all three countries. He is fluent in Persian/Farsi. Dr. Parsi earned a Master's Degree in International Relations at Uppsala University, a second Master's Degree in Economics at Stockholm School of Economics and a Ph.D. in International Relations from Johns Hopkins University SAIS.
James Walsh has traveled to Iran and is engaged in direct discussions with Iranian leaders. In July 2006, Dr. Walsh testified before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee on Iran’s nuclear program. Dr. Walsh is a Research Associate at the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he is leading two series of dialogues on nuclear issues, one with leading figures in Iran and another with representatives from North Korea. Dr. Walsh is a member of the Board of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. Before joining MIT, Dr. Walsh was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom Project at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. He was also a visiting scholar at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Previously, he was named a Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar by the United States Institute for Peace and won the Hubert Humphrey Fellowship from the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Posted by Carah Ong at 11:26 AM
Tuesday, August 22, 2006
On August 22, 2006,
The Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation hosted a press conference on August 22 with Dr. Trita Parsi, President of the National Iranian American Council, and Dr. James Walsh Security Studies Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
During the press conference, Trita Parsi said, "The Iranians will likely agree to negotiations that may lead to at least a temporary suspension, but not agree to this as a precondition. As disappointing as this response may be for
Dr. Walsh said a
More on the press conference soon.
Posted by Carah Ong at 5:36 PM
Thursday, August 17, 2006
On August 17, 2006, 22 military leaders and diplomats released a statement calling on the Bush administration to engage immediately in direct talks with the government of
Words not War
A Statement on
As former military leaders and foreign policy officials, we call on the Bush administration to engage immediately in direct talks with the government of
We strongly caution against any consideration of the use of military force against
A strategy of diplomatic engagement with
Ambassador Harry Barnes, Former Ambassador to
Lieutenant General Julius Becton, U.S. Army (Ret.); Former commander, VII
Corps, and Director, Federal Emergency Management Agency
Parker Borg, Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy; Former Ambassador to Iceland and Mali; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotic Matters; Deputy Director of the Office for Combating Terrorism, U. S. State Department
Ambassador Peter Burleigh, Former U.S. Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations; Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives; Ambassador and Coordinator of the Office of Counter-Terrorism; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research; and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Near East and South Asia
Ambassador Ralph Earle II, Former chief negotiator of the SALT II Treaty and Director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
Brigadier General Evelyn P. Foote,
Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., Former Ambassador to Saudi Arabia; Assistant Secretary of Defense, International Security Affairs; Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, African Affairs, Charge/Deputy Chief of Mission, American Embassy (
Morton Halperin, Senior Fellow of the Center for American Progress; Director of U.S. Advocacy for the Open Society Institute; Former director of Policy Planning, Department of State
Lieutenant General Robert G. Gard, Jr., U.S. Army (Ret.); Former military assistant to the Secretary of Defense; president, National Defense University. Currently Senior Military Fellow, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
General Joseph P. Hoar, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.); Former Commander in Chief, U.S. Central Command
Brigadier General John Johns, U.S. Army (Ret.); Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
Professor Frank N. von Hippel, Former Assistant Director for National Security in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
Major General Frederick H. Lawson,
Lieutenant General Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army (Ret.); former Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence
Lieutenant General Charles P. Otstott, U.S. Army (Ret.); former Deputy Chairman, NATO Military Committee
Ambassador Edward L. Peck, Former Chief of Mission in Iraq and Mauritania; Deputy Director of the White House Task Force on Terrorism; Deputy Coordinator for Covert Intelligence Programs and Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Department of State; Liaison Officer to the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Brig. Gen. Maurice D. Roush,
Dr. Sarah Sewall, Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance; Foreign Policy Adviser to Senator George J. Mitchell
Vice Admiral Jack Shanahan,
LTG James M. Thompson,
Vice Admiral Ralph Weymouth,
Posted by Carah Ong at 9:23 AM
Tuesday, August 15, 2006
In the August 21, 2006 issue of the New Yorker, investigative journalist Seymour Hersh writes that Israeli officials visited the White House earlier this summer to get a “green light” for an attack on
Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich is also openly arguing for regime change, “I think there should be a very aggressive track of trying to undermine and replace the dictatorship. I mean, I have zero hope that we will diplomatically get anywhere with the Iranians.” Senator Sam Brownback (R-Kansas) has said the
But is invading
As Paul Starr wrote in a May 2006 editorial in the American Prospect, “The logic of an attack on
In a July 31 Op-Ed in the Washington Post, Henry Kissinger argued that “
For its part, the
Posted by Carah Ong at 6:20 PM
On August 14, 2006, CNN published opposing editorials from Senator Sam Brownback (R-Kansas) and
In his editorial, Javad Zarif argues that UN Security Council Resolution 1696, which was passed on July 31 and calls on
Zarif states that while the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has said that it is not yet in a position "to conclude that there are no undeclared nuclear materials or activities in
Meanwhile, Senator Sam Brownback (R-Kansas) claims that
Brownback argues that the
Posted by Carah Ong at 11:47 AM
Thursday, August 10, 2006
In his analysis, Isaacs writes:
“For more than five years, the Bush administration's aggressive and unilateral national security policies have been triumphant in the
Indeed, the results of the November 2006 midterm elections may put a final stake in the heart of George W. Bush's muscular foreign policies. If so, the desire of neoconservatives to spread “democracy” to
Posted by Carah Ong at 1:47 PM
“If Pressure Continues, Iran Can Change Mind on NPT – President Ahmadinejad: The U.S. and the EU will regret their ‘miscalculation,’” The Hindu – Thursday, August 10, 2006
Providing the clearest indication yet of Iran's intention to resist mounting Western pressure on its civilian nuclear program, President Mahmud Ahmadinejad has said that any attempt to take away the rights his country had under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) could force it to reconsider its adherence to the NPT. Mr. Ahmadinejad said that he still believed in dialogue, despite last week's United Nations Security Council resolution threatening sanctions against
“Apocalypse Now? Is
“Why don't you write? Iranian leader asks Bush,” The Buffalo News – Courtesy of the Associated Press – Thursday, August 10, 2006
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad criticized President Bush for failing to respond to his overture made in a letter in May, warning that "those who refuse to accept an invitation will not have a good ending or fate." In the May letter, the hard-line leader declared that liberalism and democracy had failed, and he lambasted Bush for his handling of the response to the September 11, 2001, attacks and a host of other issues ranging from the invasion of Iraq to U.S. support for Israel.
“CBS' Wallace Interviews
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gave an interview to
Posted by Carah Ong at 10:17 AM
Wednesday, August 09, 2006
Mayor of Nagasaki Criticizes Nuclear Weapons States and India, Israel, Pakistan, Iran and North Korea
On August 9, 2006, during a commemoration marking the 61st anniversary of the
Mayor Itoh told a crowd of mourning people in
On August 9, 1945 at 11:02 am, the
At the commemoration on August 9, 2006, the names of 2,831 people who died recently were added to the list of victims, bringing the total number recognized by the city to 140,144. A few thousand names are added each year.
Posted by Carah Ong at 12:14 PM
“Russian Atomic Energy Agency Expects Delegation of
“Wall Street Journal – Editorial - Does Iran have something in store?,” WSJ.com Opinion Journal – Tuesday, August 8th, 2006
Bernard Lewis is said to be the greatest living Western scholar of Islam, someone with deep sympathy for the Muslim world, without forgetting its dark side. Writing in the Wall Street Journal online edition yesterday, Lewis now expresses deep concern over an apocalyptic
Another good opinion piece that discusses Iranian/Hizbullah ties.
“China Backs Up Russia in
Posted by Carah Ong at 11:37 AM
Tuesday, August 08, 2006
The Democratic Republic of Congo’s government strongly denied yesterday that a uranium shipment left its territory bound for
On August 8, the Kremlin branded
“Sharansky: The World Needs
Senior Israeli politician and former Soviet refusenik Natan Sharansky says the fate of the Jewish state and the Western democratic world rests on the outcome of
This article examines the manner in which
Posted by Carah Ong at 11:54 AM
Monday, August 07, 2006
On Saturday – a day after the three countries (India, Pakistan, Iran) disagreed over the price of natural gas to be supplied through the proposed tri-nation pipeline – Iran agreed to India and Pakistan’s proposal to appoint an independent consultant that would suggest “a range of reasonable prices” that could form the basis for further negotiation between the three on the price of natural gas to be exported through the pipeline. Simply put, the third party consultant – to act as neutral umpire – would use LNG price paid by
Oil Futures: Higher (BP Oilfield Shutdown,
This morning, crude oil prices in
Posted by Carah Ong at 2:44 PM
Friday, August 04, 2006
“Iran Cleric: Shut down Security Council,” Reuters, August 4, 2006
Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati, head of the Guardian Council, said on Friday that the U.N. Security Council should be scrapped for trying to make Iran halt its atomic work while failing to stop Israel's offensive against Lebanon. Some hardline student groups and Islamic militiamen vowed to attack the British embassy in Tehran after Jannati's sermon.
“China calls for continuing diplomatic efforts to solve Iran’s nuclear issue,” People’s Daily Online, August 4, 2006
Chinese Deputy Representative to the UN Liu Zhenming stressed that a belated appropriate solution to Iran's nuclear issue is due to lack of trust among main parties involved, and that Security Council cannot handle this issue single-handedly. “Dialogue and negotiations are the only way out,” he said, “The IAEA should always be the main mechanism for dealing with this issue.” Liu stressed that it is essential for Iran and all the parties concerned not to take any steps that will harm diplomatic efforts and may lead to complication or even loss of control.
“Israel would be safer in a nuclear-free Middle East,” Telegraph, August 4, 2006
Sir Alistair Horne, a former British intelligence officer, assesses the current crisis in the Middle East, saying it is potentially more dangerous than Yom Kippur, 1973, because it carries with it the “threat of unquantifiable escalation.” This threat of escalation is immediate, he claims, with the ultimate danger being an Iran equipped with nuclear weapons. He calls for a nuclear-free zone for the Middle East, questioning the overall value of the “nuclear deterrent” outside America. Such an initiative, plus the guarantee of the essential protective blanket to cover a denuked Israel, can only come from the White House. This may be the only way, he argues, that a nuclear attack in the Middle East can be forestalled.
“Not a war between US and Iran,” Channel 4 News, UK, August 3, 2006
In an exclusive interview, the UK’s Channel 4 news asked Iranian National Security Advisor Ali Larijani whether the Israel-Lebanon crisis was a proxy war. Larijani responded that the Middle East crisis was not “a war between the US and Iran.”
Posted by Carah Ong at 4:43 PM
Thursday, August 03, 2006
“A modern, strong, peaceful
We must learn from the North Korean negotiations not to engage in a process involving long pauses to settle disagreements within the administration and within the negotiating group, while the other side adds to its nuclear potential. There is equal need, on the part of
A geopolitical dialogue is not a substitute for an early solution of the nuclear enrichment crisis. That must be addressed separately, rapidly and firmly. But a great deal depends on whether a strong stand on that issue is understood as the first step in the broader invitation to
In the end, the
Posted by Carah Ong at 4:59 PM
On June 19, 2006, fifteen Democratic Members of Congress wrote a letter to President Bush urging him to not use nuclear weapons to resolve the Iranian nuclear crisis. The letter was spearheaded by Representative Edward J. Markey (D-MA) and was signed by Representatives Howard L. Berman (D-CA), John Conyers (D-MI), Jr., Pete Stark (D-CA), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), James P. McGovern (D-MA), Betty McCollum (D-MN), Diane E. Watson (D-CA), Rush D. Holt (D-NJ), Lynn C. Woolsey (D-CA), Jim McDermott (D-WA), Lloyd Doggett (D-TX), Maurice D. Hinchey (D-NY), Sam Farr (D-CA) and Janice D. Schakowsky (D-IL).
The letter to President Bush states, “As you will recall, on April 18, 2006, you were asked ‘Sir, when you talk about
On July 31, 2006, State Department Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs Jeffrey T. Bergner responded to the Representatives’ inquiry. Bergner writes in his response that the White House had asked the State Department to respond on its behalf.
According to the letter, “
The letter, however, does not directly answer the primary question raised by the 15 Democratic Representatives; that is whether or not the nuclear option is on the table. While the letter does not repeat what President Bush said on April 18, 2006, that “all options are on the table,” the letter also does not explicitly address the nuclear option, or the full spectrum of options being pursued by the
Posted by Carah Ong at 4:29 PM
On the sidelines of a Muslim leaders' summit in Malaysia, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad voiced optimism that the dispute over his country’s nuclear ambitions could still be settled through “dialogue and negotiations,” which he claimed Iran has desired from the beginning. “In the shadow of negotiations, it is possible to settle any dispute,” Ahmadinejad said, “It is possible to settle all the issues.”
At a meeting in Tokyo with Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso, Iranian Vice President Esfandiar Rahim Mashaie said Iran was “seriously considering” the comprehensive package of incentives. But Mashaie also said that “the Security Council resolution heightens mistrust and strengthens the belief that Western countries are attempting to take away
Posted by Carah Ong at 10:29 AM
Wednesday, August 02, 2006
In the Spring 2006 issue of The National Interest, Brent Scowcroft, national security advisor to Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush, made "A Modest Proposal" regarding the
“The permanent five members of the Security Council should be prepared to make the following offer to
Posted by Carah Ong at 12:47 PM
“Money Can’t Buy Us Democracy,” The New York Times, August 2, 2006
Akbar Gangi, an investigative journalist in
During a meeting with
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Oil Minister Kazem Vaziri-Hameneh in June both threatened to disrupt oil supplies in any confrontation with the
On August 2, 2006,
Posted by Carah Ong at 10:31 AM
Tuesday, August 01, 2006
This week, The New Yorker, is featuring a Q&A with reporter Steve Coll, who is publishing an article in the August 7, 2006 issue about the Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan and the international trade in nuclear-weapons technology and equipment. In the Q&A, Coll discusses Iran’s nuclear program.
BLAKE ESKIN: What did Pakistani scientists provide to Iran?
STEVE COLL: This is a question at the heart of continuing investigations by the International Atomic Energy Agency and by a lot of governments that are worried about Iran’s nuclear program. What’s known is mainly the product of I.A.E.A. interviews with Iranian officials who have given an account of the history of their contacts with Khan and Pakistan. I lay out that forensics because a fair amount of what we know about Iran’s history with Pakistan comes from Iran, and might be regarded with some skepticism.
What’s undisputed is that contacts had begun by 1987, with discussions about a sale of blueprints and other materials that would allow Iran to build a capacity for enriching uranium. Those discussions produced at least one document that appears to be a kind of shopping list from Pakistan to Iran. The discussions and transactions continued from 1987 until at least 2003, when Iran first acknowledged the existence of its secret enrichment program. The history of those contacts from the beginning to 2003 is a subject of this article. In that narrative lies a whole series of mysteries: How much progress has Iran made and how fast will it be able to finish a nuclear weapon?
The question of how fast can’t be answered definitively, but could you give us a sense of the estimates and how reliable you think they are?
John Negroponte, the director of National Intelligence, has said, in his most recent public assessment, that the American intelligence community believes that Iran may acquire a nuclear capacity some time in the next decade, meaning from 2010 or 2011 onward. From my reporting, I gather that in private briefings the Bush Administration’s intelligence analysts focus on a five-to-seven-year window, although they emphasize that there’s a fair amount of uncertainty about this estimate. I think the one assertion that the intelligence community seems comfortable with is that it’s not this year or next year and probably not the year after that. However, the more that is discovered about Iran’s research, the more some analysts wonder whether Iran might be able to move faster than the official forecast indicates.
And this basically depends on the Iranians’ use of centrifuges to enrich uranium?
As far as is known, yes. Of course, in assessing a country’s efforts to secretly acquire a nuclear weapon, you have to be conscious that there may be aspects of its endeavor that are unknown to anyone but itself. Enriching uranium or acquiring plutonium, the fissile materials that provide a bomb’s explosive force, is the hardest part of building a nuclear bomb. In this case, Iran has been attempting to master this centrifuge technology for years; from what is known, they have struggled. It’s a really complicated technology: it’s not only difficult to operate but to even set it up. The Iranians have just barely started to operate these machines. The question is: How much progress can they make in building a fully operating plant that would be required to make enough material for a bomb?
Once the centrifuges are working, how long will it take to make enough material for a bomb?
It depends on how many centrifuges you put into your plant. The math is fairly straightforward: a cascade of a hundred and sixty-four centrifuges can produce so many grams of highly enriched uranium in so much time if the centrifuges are operating around the clock. Iran has said that it intends to install three thousand of these centrifuges by the end of this year. That seems like an ambitious goal, but let’s assume the Iranians could achieve it. If they did, they could manufacture enough highly enriched uranium for a couple of bombs within a year if they operated those centrifuges around the clock. Most people don’t think they can pull that off, but that’s the scale of their operation at this point.
For more information on the timeline of Iran's nuclear program, see Iran Nuclear Timeline.
Posted by Carah Ong at 3:21 PM
On July 20, 2006, Dr. James Walsh, a nuclear non-proliferation expert who has recently returned from direct discussions with Iranian leaders in Stockholm, testified before the Senate Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on Iran.
In his testimony, Dr. Walsh said that Iranian development of a nuclear weapon, while not the end of the world as some have suggested, would adversely affect US, regional, and global security, and would add to the risk that nations or non-state actors might one day use nuclear weapons. This outcome can be avoided, in part, by a smart US nonproliferation strategy. On the other hand, ill-conceived or poorly executed US actions my have the counter-productive effect of making an Iranian bomb even more likely. The importance of getting this right and the complexity of the challenge are apparent but all the more obvious given recent events in Israel and Lebanon. His full testimony is available on the Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation’s website.
Dr. Walsh is a board member of the Council for a Livable World and a Research Associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Security Studies Program.
Posted by Carah Ong at 2:27 PM
On July 27, 2006, the US House of Representatives approved by voice vote to extend the Iran Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 (ILSA). ILSA was set to expire on August 5, 2006. H.R. 5877, the bill introduced by House International Relations Committee member Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) and Chairman Henry J. Hyde (R-IL), provides a simple extension of ILSA until September 29, 2006. On July 31, 2006, the Senate passed the House version of H.R. 5877. In the Senate, H.R. 5877 was read twice and then passed by unanimous consent.
During the House floor debate on H.R. 5877, Rep. Ros-Lehtinen said an extension of the original ILSA would give the House and Senate “the additional time to finalize the text of the Iran Freedom Support Act.” The Iran Freedom Support Act (IFSA) passed in the House on April 26, 2006 and still awaits approval by the Senate. IFSA would eliminate sanctions on now-friendly Libya and impose stiffer sanctions on Iran. It would also provide funding for political opposition forces within Iran in promotion of regime change.
Text of H.R. 5877
To amend the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 to extend the authorities provided in such Act until September 29, 2006.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
July 25, 2006 Ms. Ros-Lehtinen (for herself, Mr. Lantos, Mr. Hyde, and Mr. Ackerman) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations, and in addition to the Committees on Financial Services, Ways and Means, and Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
A BILL To amend the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 to extend the authorities provided in such Act until September 29, 2006. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES UNDER THE IRAN AND LIBYA SANCTIONS ACT OF 1996. Section 13(b) of the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by striking "on the date that is 10 years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting "on September 29, 2006''.
Posted by Carah Ong at 12:11 PM
“UN sets deadline on Iran’s nuclear work,” The L.A. Times, August 1, 2006
The Security Council voted Monday to give Iran until August 31 to "suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities, including research and development" or face potential economic and diplomatic sanctions. UN Resolution 1696, approved by a 14-1 vote with Qatar dissenting, is the first by the Security Council that is legally binding on Iran and includes the threat of sanctions for noncompliance. However, sanctions would not be automatic. The Security Council would have to vote again to impose punitive measures. Vitaly Churkin, the Russian ambassador, played down the possibility of sanctions.
“China calls for restraint on Iran nuclear issue,” Reuters, August 1, 2006
China, which has just voted in favor of a U.N. resolution demanding Iran suspend its nuclear activities, on Tuesday still held out hopes for a compromise. “We hope that the Security Council resolution helps the on-going diplomatic efforts,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao was quoted as saying in a statement on the ministry's Web site. "We call on all sides to remain calm and exercise restraint and keep pushing for the early resumption of talks," Liu said.
“Iran blasts ‘worthless’ nuclear deadline,” Agence France Presse, August 1, 2006
The UN resolution passed on Monday was decried as “destructive and totally unwarranted” by Iran's UN ambassador, Javad Zarif. Parliament speaker Gholam-Ali Hadad-Adel also expressed outrage at the resolution saying, “While the Security Council does not dare to condemn the Qana massacre (in south Lebanon) ... it feels alarmed by Iran's nuclear activities and adopts a resolution that is worthless in the eyes of people.” Kazem Jalali, spokesman for the Iranian parliament's foreign affairs commission, was quoted as saying, “The Americans must be sure that Iran will not take part in a game which it will lose.” Several editorials and articles in various hardline Iranian papers also slammed the UN resolution, calling on Iran to quit the NPT and attack U.S. bases, among other things.
Posted by Carah Ong at 12:00 PM